What is Scrum framework and How Does it Work?

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Jul 08, 2024

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In the fast-paced world of project management, one methodology stands out for its agility and efficiency - the Scrum framework. You may have heard the term "Scrum" tossed around in various professional contexts, but what exactly is it, and how does it work? In this blog, let us dive deep into the Scrum framework to understand its principles, processes, and benefits.


What is Scrum Framework?

Launched in 1995, the Scrum Guide aimed to solve complex problems concerning product development and team collaboration. It was defined by Jeff Sutherland and Ken Schwaber as a framework to improve project management. Over the years, Scrum has evolved and developed numerous rules, events, and artifacts to streamline the product development process.

At its core, the Scrum framework is about learning from mistakes and continuously improving. It embraces the concept of experimentation to achieve excellence and agility in reaching project goals. Scrum provides a structured approach that emphasizes practicality and encourages observation, experience, and experimentation to arrive at effective solutions.

While Scrum has its roots in IT projects, its characteristics make it suitable for a wide range of projects and product development efforts. It's not limited to software development but can be applied to any field where collaboration, adaptability, and efficiency are key.

Detailed Explaination on Scrum Framework


Also Read: What Is Scrum Guide

The Scrum Process Framework

The Scrum process framework consists of a set of events or ceremonies that must be accomplished within defined time frames. Here are some of the key components of the Scrum process framework:

 1. Daily Scrum:

The Daily Scrum, often referred to as the daily stand-up, is a daily meeting where team members gather to analyze the progress of the previous day's work.

The primary goal is to accommodate the backlog and ensure that the team stays on track without overburdening themselves.

This brief meeting, lasting no more than fifteen minutes, includes Developers, Product Owners, and Scrum Masters.

 2. Sprint:

A Sprint is a short, fixed time cycle in which development work occurs. It typically includes planning, daily Scrum meetings, progress tracking, reviews, and backlog refinements.

Sprints serve as the heart of Scrum, providing structure and predictability to project work.

 3. Sprint Planning Meeting:

This meeting involves the entire team and aims to establish the sprint goal and define the tasks and processes required to achieve it.

The meeting duration varies based on the sprint's length but typically ranges from four hours for a month-long sprint to a shorter time frame for shorter sprints.

 4. Sprint Review:

During the Sprint Review, the Scrum team presents the work completed during the sprint to stakeholders for feedback.

The duration of this meeting is typically four hours for a four-week sprint, but it varies based on the sprint's length.

 5. Sprint Retrospective:

 The Sprint Retrospective is a meeting that includes all team members, lasting around three hours.

It is focused on assessing the strengths and weaknesses of the team and its actions, with the goal of continuous improvement.

 6. Scrum Artifacts

 Scrum artifacts are essential elements for tracking and monitoring the progress of work on the product. They consist of the following categories:

 a. Product Backlog:

 The product backlog is a dynamic list that reflects the continuous development and changing market patterns.

It includes details about the product's requirements, features, enhancements, and solutions.

Scrum teams use this backlog to prioritize and plan their work, ensuring alignment with the product's goals.

 b. Sprint Backlog:

 The Sprint backlog is derived from the product backlog and includes the tasks and items selected for the current sprint.

It focuses on the prioritized work items and evolves during the sprint as per the team's needs, contributing to the achievement of the sprint goal.

 c. Product Increment:

 The product increment represents the end product after the sprint, including all completed tasks and components.

It's often composed of small milestones that collectively contribute to the product's development.

d. Burn Down Chart:

 While not an official Scrum artifact, many teams use burn-down charts for communication and progress tracking.

These charts provide a visual representation of the remaining work in a sprint or project, helping teams stay on target and adapt as needed.


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Benefits of Scrum Methodology

 Now after understanding what is defined by the scrum framework let us see what are its benefits: 

 Increased Revenue:  Scrum's focus on delivering value quickly can lead to improved revenue streams.

 Enhanced Transparency:  Scrum promotes transparency in all project aspects, ensuring all team members are informed and aligned.

 Improved Business Engagement:  By involving stakeholders throughout the development process, Scrum fosters active business engagement.

 Flexibility and Agility:  Scrum's iterative approach allows for rapid adaptation to changing requirements or market conditions.

 Risk Mitigation:  Continuous review and adaptation help identify and address potential risks early in the development process.

 Delivery of a Valuable Product: Scrum prioritizes delivering a valuable product at the end of each sprint, ensuring the customer receives immediate value.

 Quality Improvement: Scrum encourages a focus on product quality and includes regular testing and review processes.

 Customer Satisfaction: Through regular stakeholder involvement and a focus on meeting their needs, Scrum tends to lead to high customer satisfaction.

 Enhanced Team Interaction: Scrum ceremonies and daily communication promote collaboration and interaction among team members.

Also Read : Scrum Phases

Scrum and Agile Relationship Explained

 Scrum is a part of the broader Agile philosophy that guides product development. While Agile is a set of principles emphasizing rapid product development through analysis and adaptation, Scrum provides specific rules and guidelines to deliver products promptly.

Scrum distinguishes itself by delivering products at the end of each sprint by focusing on collaboration with different teams and developing self-organizing characteristics. Agile, on the other hand, is more open-ended, embracing simple process methods and providing flexibility in implementation. Scrum adopts innovation and experimental approaches to reach its goals while adhering to Agile principles.

 Scrum Pillars and Values

 Scrum is built on three pillars: transparency, adaptation, and inspection. These pillars support Scrum's values, which include trust, focus, openness, courage, respect, and commitment. These values create a positive work environment that fosters collaboration, encourages teamwork, and produces excellent results.


3 Essential Roles for Scrum Success

 The success of the Scrum framework relies on the distribution of responsibilities among three key roles:

  •  Product Owner: The product owner takes on product-centred responsibilities, engaging with the market, business, and customers. They prioritize tasks and represent the stakeholders' interests.
  •  Scrum Master: The Scrum Master is the leader who enlightens the teams, business, and product owners. They use their expertise and optimization techniques to remove obstacles and ensure a smooth development process.
  •  Development Team: The development team is the group of technical experts responsible for executing the work. They work collaboratively, leveraging their skills, perspectives, and knowledge to produce the best product possible.

Also Read : Lean vs Scrum

Scaling Scrum to Multiple Teams

 Scaling Scrum refers to the effective utilization of increased resources for growth without complicating the process. One effective approach for scaling Scrum is the Scrum of Scrums technique. This technique involves dividing large teams into smaller groups to enhance communication and collaboration. The ideal team size typically ranges from 4 to 6 individuals, ensuring effective communication and timely task completion.

 Another method for scaling Scrum is the Spotify model. This model categorizes team members into four types: squad, tribe, chapter, and guild. It promotes effective communication, as individuals possess multiple expertise areas and work closely to ensure proper functionality.

 Squads, which are multidisciplinary and autonomous, work closely with tribes that focus on functional and technical expertise. Chapters group employees based on their skills and knowledge, and guilds comprise voluntary groups based on specific areas of interest. The Spotify model encourages employees to be part of multiple groups, fostering a collaborative environment.

 Large Scale Scrum (LeSS) is yet another approach for managing multiple teams with a single product owner. It involves dealing with a maximum of nine teams, each containing up to 70 people. LeSS emphasizes lean thinking, systems optimization, transparency, continuous improvement, and customer-centric approaches.

 The choice of the best method and technique for scaling Scrum ultimately depends on the specific business model and requirements. Organizations may need to experiment with different models or adapt elements from various approaches to find the most effective scaling solution.


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 We hope this article has given you a detailed understanding of what is Scrum Framework. The Scrum framework offers an effective approach to handling complex problems in various domains, including product development and IT. Its set of rules and framework gathers teams to work collaboratively, ensuring product optimization and timely development. The Scrum process, ceremonies, pillars, values, and artifacts, along with scaling models, have been discussed in detail in this article.

 Embracing Scrum can lead to improved project management and better outcomes in an ever-evolving business landscape. Whether you're in IT, software development, or any other industry, understanding the Scrum framework can be a game-changer in your quest for enhanced efficiency and productivity.

 Would you like to become a Certified Scrum Master? Sign up for our 2-day CSM training course to learn all the essential concepts of the Scrum framework required for Agile Project Management.

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