How to Become a Product Designer

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Narasimha Reddy Bommaka

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May 16, 2024

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12 mins

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As someone deeply interested in design, I've often pondered about the role of product designers and what they actually do within an organization. To put it simply, I've learned that we are naturally creative individuals, and our main focus is to prioritize the user experience above all else. Depending on our area of specialization, we might be referred to as user experience designers, customer experience architects, or user interface designers. Our primary responsibilities revolve around developing items, accessories, or features while considering the larger context. Essentially, our goal is to ensure that every aspect of our design meets the user's needs and enhances their overall satisfaction. I've come to understand that product designers play a crucial role in shaping users' interactions with an organization's offerings, ultimately driving success through customer-centric design.

What is a Product Designer?

As a product designer, I see myself as a creative visionary tasked with conceptualizing, designing, and iterating products and interfaces with a sharp focus on user experience. I consider myself the architect of user interactio ns, constantly striving to create intuitive, engaging, and visually appealing designs that deeply resonate with users. Whether I'm working on physical products, digital interfaces, or immersive experiences, I always prioritize user needs and preferences, ensuring that every element of the design serves a distinct purpose.

What Does a Product Designer Do?

Product designers wear many hats throughout the product lifecycle, from ideation to execution. Their major roles and responsibilities include:

  • User-Centric Design: Product designers place users at the centre of the design process, empathizing with their needs, behaviours, and preferences to create solutions that meet and exceed expectations.
  • Conceptualization and Ideation: They brainstorm ideas, explore design concepts, and translate abstract concepts into tangible design solutions that address user pain points and fulfil business objectives.
  • Prototyping and Iteration: Product designers create prototypes and mockups to visualize their designs and gather feedback from users. They iterate on designs based on user testing, usability studies, and stakeholder feedback to refine and improve the user experience.
  • Collaboration: Product designers collaborate closely with cross-functional teams, including engineers, marketers, and product managers, to ensure alignment between design decisions and business goals. They communicate their design vision effectively and advocate for the user throughout the development process.
  • Visual and Interaction Design: They craft visually appealing interfaces and design interactions that enhance usability and delight users. Product designers pay close attention to typography, color theory, and visual hierarchy to create cohesive and engaging designs.
  • Research and Analysis: Product designers conduct user research, market analysis, and competitive benchmarking to inform design decisions and identify opportunities for innovation. They use data-driven insights to validate design hypotheses and optimize the user experience.

How to Become a Product Designer

Becoming a product designer requires a combination of education, skill, and practical experience. Here's a step-by-step guide on how to become a product designer:

  • Understand the Role: Before we begin, let us first understand the role's responsibilities and requirements. As mentioned before, product designers play an important part in developing products and experiences that match user needs and company goals. They incorporate art, psychology, and technology to create intuitive, visually appealing, and functional solutions. Product designers work with cross-functional teams to conceptualise, develop, and iterate on designs, ensuring that every component of the user experience is well-crafted and optimised.
  • Education and Training: While a formal degree in design-related fields such as industrial design, graphic design, or interaction design helps build a strong foundation, it's not always a prerequisite to becoming a product designer. Many successful product designers come from completely different educational backgrounds and bring unique perspectives and skills to the table. However, if you’re just starting out, pursuing a degree like- a Bachelor of Design (B.Des.), or Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.) in Industrial Design, can help you develop essential skills and gain credibility in the industry.
  • Develop Key Skills: To become a successful product designer, you'll need an extensive set of skills, including both technical and soft skills. Here are some essential skills to focus on:
  • Design Thinking: Focus on studying design thinking approaches so that you can tackle problems creatively, empathise with users, and iteratively improve your design solutions.
  • UI/UX Design: Having the knowledge of user interface (UI) is a must to become a product designer.  You need to know how to create visually appealing and intuitive interfaces, and understand user behaviour, conduct research, and optimize usability.
  • Prototyping Tools: Familiarize yourself with prototyping tools such as Adobe XD, Figma, Sketch, or InVision which are again very important to create interactive prototypes and mockups for testing and validation.
  • Coding/Programming: Although it is not a must to have coding knowledge if you know a bit about front-end development languages such as HTML/CSS, JavaScript, or other coding languages it is always helpful an makes it easy to collaborate with developers.
  • Communication and Collaboration: Having great communication skills is the most important skill you should have to become a product designer. Because as a product designer, you will have to articulate your design ideas, present your work to convince the team and collaborate with cross-functional teams and stakeholders.
  • Problem-Solving and Critical Thinking: It is proven that you cannot become a good product designer unless you have great problem-solving abilities. Problem-solving and critical thinking will help you identify design challenges, analyse them, develop creative solutions, and make informed design decisions.
  • Build a Portfolio: Your portfolio is your visual resume and showcases your skills, creativity, and problem-solving abilities to potential employers. Work on your own designs and build a strong portfolio that highlights your best work, including case studies, design process insights, and outcomes. You should ideally focus on projects that demonstrate your ability to solve real-world problems and create meaningful user experiences.
  • Gain Practical Experience: Practical experience is crucial in product design. It helps you apply theoretical knowledge to real-world projects and refine your skills in a professional environment. You should actively seek internships, apprenticeships, or entry-level positions at design agencies, tech startups, or established companies to gain hands-on experience and expand your professional network.
  • Continuously Learn and Evolve: The field of product design is constantly evolving, with new technologies, tools, and trends. You need to stay updated on industry developments, participate in design communities, attend conferences and workshops, and engage in continuous learning to stay ahead of the curve and remain competitive in the job market.

Also Read: How To Become A Product Manager

How to Become a Product Designer Without a Degree? Is it Possible?

While a formal degree can provide a solid foundation in design principles, it's possible to become a successful product designer without a degree in fact there are hundreds of product designers who have pursued a completely different formal education but now are among the best of the best. Here is the route you can follow:

  • Self-Taught Route: Leverage online resources, tutorials, and communities to learn design principles, software tools, and best practices independently. There are tonnes of resources available on the internet, 
  • Bootcamps and Workshops: Attend design bootcamps, workshops, or short-term courses offered by multiple institutions or design schools to acquire practical skills and industry insights.
  • Mentorship and Networking: Seek mentorship from experienced designers, participate in design communities, and network with professionals in the field to gain guidance and opportunities for growth.


Becoming a product designer is a fulfilling and rewarding career path but it requires dedication, creativity, and continuous learning. Your entire focus should be on acquiring essential skills, building a strong portfolio, gaining practical experience, and staying updated on industry trends. Whether you choose to pursue a formal education or take an alternative path, the key is to remain passionate, curious and committed to honing your skills as a product designer. Unlock your potential for product design with our CSPO Certification course and with dedicated learning, fuel your creativity, and stay ahead in the ever-evolving industry.


1. What qualifications do you need to be a product designer?

Qualifications vary by employer and role. While a design-related bachelor's degree is preferred, practical skills and a strong portfolio are valuable. Pursuing certifications and gaining experience can improve eligibility.

2. What is the eligibility for a product designer?

Eligibility depends on skills and passion for design. While formal education helps, relevant experience and a compelling portfolio are crucial. 

3. How do I start working as a product designer?

Start by acquiring relevant skills and building a portfolio. Seek internships or entry-level positions to gain hands-on experience. 

4. What degree do I need for product design?

While a design-related degree is common, employers also consider skills and creativity. Enroll in training programs, obtain certifications, and gain experience to supplement educational backgrounds effectively.

5. Is product designer in demand?

Yes, product designers are sought after in various industries. Expertise in UI/UX design is particularly valuable. Demand is high due to companies prioritizing user-centered design and innovation.

6. Is product designer high paying?

Product designers earn competitive salaries. Compensation depends on factors like experience, location, and specialization. Skilled professionals in high-demand industries earn an average of ₹1,31,76,060 per year in India

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