Complete Guide to DevOps Roadmap 2024

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StarAgile

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Mar 27, 2024

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20 mins

What is DevOps?

DevOps is a combination of Development and Operations to improve the efficiency, speed, and security of software development and delivery as compared to traditional processes. It expands to a cross-functional approach of developing and delivering apps in a more iterative manner like automation, collaboration, and faster feedback. It makes complete use of the Agile framework, lean practices, and system theory. DevOps roadmap rest upon four key principles including automation of the software development lifecycle, collaboration and communication, continuous improvement and minimization of waste, and hyperfocus on user needs with short feedback loops. 

What is DevOps Pipeline? 

The DevOps LifeCycle Management consists of the plan, code, build, test, release, deploy, operate and monitor. You need to understand the fundamentals of DevOps LifeCycle Management (DLCM) to know more about DevOps. Then the DevOps consists of the DevOps Pipeline which consists of continuous development, continuous integration, continuous testing, continuous delivery, continuous deployment, continuous operations, and continuous monitoring. This pipeline is also called the CI/CD pipeline, which is a continuous integration and continuous delivery pipeline.

1) what CI/CD pipeline is?

The CI is continuous integration where the code is integrated with all the functionality and then submitted frequently in the version control repository for continuous testing.  The CD stands for the continuous delivery where the tested code is released in the production very often or as frequently as possible for the user acceptance testing and to deploy many versions of the code as the code is being released. Learn DevOps by registering with the leading DevOps training institute that offers the comprehensive DevOps course.

2) Microservices

This is nothing but building a single application as a set of multiple and small services. The application can be built keeping in view the microservices architecture that is delivering as 1 service or group of small services.

3) Infrastructure-as-a-Code

This means the entire set of infrastructure to deploy the code in the production, including the testing and development environments are managed with code that is automated fully so that infrastructure does not require any manual intervention.

4) Monitoring and Logging

You need to ensure that all the systems, including infrastructures, applications, and all systems are continuously monitored and logged with a definite logging period. The logs must be collected, correlated and analyzed, and retained as per the rules and requirements.

5) Communication and Collaboration

You need to ensure that the DevOps roadmap consists of learning how we communicate and collaborate within the team and to all the stakeholders.

How to Become DevOps Engineer?

If you are someone with a passion for writing codes and solving development codes, then becoming a DevOps Engineer will be possible for you with a bachelor's degree and hands-on experience. 

DevOps Career Roadmap comprises knowledge of coding languages to learn the basics of programming and the languages can include HTML, CSS, C++, Python, and Javascript. It also requires knowledge of basic operating systems.

Adding certifications to your resume with relevant DevOps skills will help you become a DevOps professional with a good package. 

DevOps Roadmap for 2024

DevOps roadmap is the adoption of DevOps culture that includes a lot of advantages such as faster delivery to market, reduction in errors and mistakes, cost efficiency, early error detection, rapid automation, association in the team, great feedback loop, and adoption of various DevOps tools, etc. 

When security is introduced in the culture at all phases then it becomes DevSecOps. Implementing the culture in the organization is the process of eliminating blocks in front of you in the organization and adopting DevOps gradually keeping the old processes intact and managing to segregate and adopt DevOps slowly and steadily in the business.

Roadmap for DevOps requires time, effort, and adoption of DevOps strategy in every application or software lifecycle. This becomes the DevOps lifecycle management. Let us begin by adopting the Plan, Build, Code, Test, Release, Deploy, Operate, and Monitor. DevOps eliminates lots of bottlenecks that the traditional SDLC had brought about welcome changes in the environment. 

In this article, we will be discussing DevOps engineer roadmap for 2024

DevOps roadmap

The DevOps roadmap 2024 consists of a lot of strategies to adopt and nurture DevOps culture. Before we go into the roadmap of DevOps let us understand why DevOps came into existence. The traditional SDLC had a lot of challenges those are Lot of errors and bugs, software came into existence only in the last phases of the SDLC, thus correcting any piece of the code was a pain, the operations and development team worked in the silos, no automation thus maintenance of the infrastructure for the software or the application was difficult and higher costs of the software, etc.

The DevOps roadmap for anyone who wants to transition to the DevOps culture is as follows,

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Learning Programming Languages

Any DevOps professional must learn to code so that most of the things are automated. The most used programming languages are Python and Java. The scripting is also used to automate the systems the languages are JavaScript, Node.Js, and Perl, etc.

  • Python 
  • Java 
  • Javascript 
  • Golang 
  • PHP 
  • Ruby 
  • SQL 

Learning the Operating Systems Concepts

As part of the DevOps roadmap, you need to learn the OS concepts such as Windows, UNIX, and Linux, etc. The most popular OS for DevOps is Linux. You need to know the Linux fundamentals and how to secure and automate Linux and secure the application deployed on Linux. Learning about the operating systems is what the ‘ops’ part of DevOps is. It is not standardized for every purpose instead some operating systems are behemoths whereas others are minimal. There are many operating systems that are used like single or multi-tasking, single or multi-user, embedded or real-time operating systems. To master the concepts of the operating system, you need to learn about the popular operating systems used across industries like Unix, Linux, MacOS, FreeBSD, and Windows.

Moreover, as a DevOps professional, you must be aware of process management, Threads and Concurrency, Sockets, I/O Management, Virtualization, Memory Storage, and File systems.

Managing the Servers

As a DevOps professional, part of operations is to manage the servers. The servers are where the applications are hosted and must be automated, secure, configure, manage, and monitor the servers. Automation of the server management is key to DevOps as these servers provide the necessary platform for the applications. DevOps learning from StarAgile is the key to starting a career in DevOps. 

Security and Networking

The DevSecOps is the security-as-a-code where the security is designed to be included in all the phases of DevOps. As a DevOps professional you need to ensure that you are aware of the networking concepts and managing the networking devices such as Switches, Firewall, IDS/IPS, and routers, etc. You need to ensure you have a fundamental understanding of the network topologies, network protocols, network services, ports, and LAN/WAN/VPN/Internet, etc.

DevOps Tools

Various DevOps tools are discussed in other articles. The DevOps roadmap is not complete without the DevOps tools. The DevOps tools provide the necessary advantage which the traditional SDLC lacks such as automation, frequent build and release, and no human errors, etc.

Cloud

You need to know a minimum of 2 cloud technologies out of Google Cloud Providers, Amazon Web Services, and Azure. Many of the companies are transforming from on-premises to cloud and using cloud services so that they spend only the services offered and not on the infrastructure. The DevOps encourages the use of cloud technologies and aids in coding, automating various functions in the cloud. 

Cloud providers offer a layer of APIs that helps in abstracting infrastructure and condition it based upon the security and billing boundaries. It is the next big thing and with time everyone has to move their applications to the cloud. For any DevOps Engineer, it is important to know about the popular cloud providers and have basic knowledge about them. 

Some of the popular cloud providers are Google, Azure, WAS, Heroku, Cloud Foundry, and Digital Ocean. The ability to quickly configure, condition, and secure resources with Cloud is the way to success for modern DevOps.

DevOps unlike traditional SDLC is transforming the way the applications are built, tested, and deployed in production. Much complex and repeated work which normally is complex and error-prone tasks is done by automating the work. Human work involves a lot of errors and is complex to do without automation. Enroll for the DevOps certification at StarAgile institute and get certified in DevOps with the leading DevOps institute.

Managing the infrastructures

There are various dev, test, and prod environments that consist of a lot of infrastructures that need to be configured, automated, managed, monitored, and logged. This is done as discussed with code and that is why the phrase Infrastructure-as-a-code.

Sometimes defined as IaC, this comprises tools and techniques to define infrastructure in the DevOps roadmap. Infrastructure as code allows the engineers to automate the environment setup and tear down. There are many infrastructure provisional tools like Terraform, Ansible, Chef, and Puppet and these are one of the most important parts of the DevOps journey. As a DevOps Engineer, you need to learn these skills and implement them in real life. 

You must be familiar with automating, managing, monitoring, and logging the infrastructure with the help of code. 

Learn some Continuous Integration and Delivery (CI/CD) tools

Setting up a pipeline for continuous integration and delivery is also one of the most important parts of DevOps. The CI/CD Tools help with the easy flow and make your DevOps Journey easier. There are many tools in CI/CD like Jenkins, TeamCity, Drone, etc. The tools help in continuous automation and monitoring throughout the app’s lifecycle including integration, testing, delivery, and deployment. 

Apart from build, testing, and deployment, there are many other stages in the CI/CD pipeline like managing environment variables, executing tests, or restarting the services. 

Learn to Live in terminal

For any DevOps Professional, it is important to have a hold on the command line especially if they are working with Linux. It is important to know about certain Linux tools like Bash, Ksh, Find, Grep, Sed, or Awk. 

You can take up different courses to master Linux and Shell scripting that will help you develop a better flow for DevOps. 

Also Read: DevOps Topology

Final takeaway

DevOps is becoming the de-facto standard for developing and operating applications. StarAgile provides the DevOps online training for all the professionals who would like to jump into the latest buzzword that is DevOps. DevOps has been in the market for almost a decade and the DevOps is being adopted by many companies all over the world.

To start the DevOps roadmap you need to be Jack of all and a Master of few technologies that DevOps offers. Learn Devops and prepare yourself for the DevOps journey. Happy Learning!!!

 

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