3 Pillars of Scrum - Transparency, Inspection, and Adaptability

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Jan 09, 2024

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Pillars Of Scrum An Introduction - What Are They And Why They Are Needed?

Scrum is based on the philosophy of empirical control systems, or empiricism. Empiricism emphasizes the knowledge derived through experience and decision-making based on what is known.

The Scrum technique is lightweight, easy to grasp, yet complicated for experienced to master. Pillars of scrum are key mental adaptations you must make if you genuinely want to implement Agile Methodology effectively. The 3 pillars of empirical process control solutions are Transparency, Inspection, and Adaptability. When it comes to optimizing consistency and risk control, Scrum takes an adaptive approach. Three pillars support every deployment of empirical process control.

A scrum is an approach, not a methodology. Scrum is a philosophy. The framework assists individuals and organizations in determining what works best. Their true process appears, and it is unique and appropriate for their time and place. We can learn from and improve on our faults and achievements in the past. 

What is Empirical Process Control?

When we discuss process control in general, we refer to three components: Input, Process, and Output.

If we have control over and rely on our inputs and processes, we can produce reliable results. If inputs and processes cannot be strictly controlled, the problem emerges; we have to emphasize Empirical Process Control. Scrum relies on the experimental method to make decisions instead of rigorous advance planning. Transparency, inspection, and adaptability are the three pillars of the scrum of empirical process control.

You should anticipate the unanticipated empirical process control. A scrum is an empirical approach that relies on experimental methods for progress rather than precise, advanced planning and established protocols. The empirical control system works in a fact-based, interactive and evidence-based way, which is controlled via inspection and adaptation.

The following features define Empirical Control Systems:

  • We will master as we go ahead.
  • Prepare for and move with the times.
  • Short development cycles result in faster inspection and adaptation.
  • Estimates are provided for reference purposes only and may not even be reliable.

3 Pillars of Scrum

What Are The Three Pillars Of Scrum?

SCRUM adopts an empirical methodology to the changing client needs. To maximize an efficient team's utilization of the Scrum Framework, knowing the 3 pillars of the scrum, such as; transparency, inspection, and adaptability, is a crucial element. This philosophy is based on discovering the truth with research that produces tangible and observable conclusions.


A fundamental principle of Empiricism is transparency, which is among the first to be verified. This means that all details about the development cycle are readily accessible to all parties participating in the activity. Transparency means that everybody within the team must comprehend the Scrum objectives and their respective duties and responsibilities.

To begin, a team member should share the same views, especially on the processes. We all know that they're concerned with what needs to change, from the Team Leader to our project manager, the stakeholders, to reach the target.

The team must be unified with a general view of performance. Thus, when a product backlog item or increment is completed, everyone understands what it all represents and signifies.

The flow of data is clear and consistent. Everyone should know Scrum objects thoroughly, objectives of the business and mission, growth etc.

Additionally, they should be available at meetings, sprint performance reviews, and other group discussions and must be familiar with the technologies used by the entire team.

Transparency provides trust among participants, which helps them perform effectively in a team since they realize what someone is concentrating on. As each works toward a common objective, it becomes essential for individuals to collaborate and ensure the project's success.


Inspection is a method for evaluating the Advancement Team's efforts. It encompasses the products and activities and processes, human factors, practices, and continual product improvement. Inspecting the work of each individual, the process and any component of product enhancement would significantly raise the prospects of valuable results.

Organizations with Scrum regularly check and resolve artifacts to discover unfavorable variations. The Scrum team updates the client on the performance of the product outcome after each sprint to solicit feedback. When a client or stakeholder suggests adjustments, the team adapts until everyone is satisfied with the final result.

In all other areas of the Scrum Methodology – processes, persons, procedures etc. – inspections of the product can be performed. However, inspections should never be conducted regularly enough to interrupt operations and lead to delays.


The concept of adaptation in the perspective of Scrum project management refers to the process of continuously improving the product. It is described as the capacity to improvise or modify in response to inspection results. Agile Methodology has always encouraged adaptability. Even though the customer requests a change to the specifications, Scrum considers and incorporates the change in the subsequent Sprint.

Adaptation requires the first two pillars. When the team follows a transparent procedure and conducts regular inspections, they will determine if anything needs to be fixed or changed. The evaluation compares the performance to the project objectives.

The whole team and stakeholders engage on what has been accomplished during the sprint and what should be accomplished in the following sprint to maximize product value. Adaptation is carried out as soon as it arrives to get the best result for the project.

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Examples For Every 3 Pillars Of Empirical Process Control

Empirical techniques are used when the problem domain is complicated and using a specified algorithm does not ensure success.

  1. The easiest example of the 3 pillars of empirical process control is a temperature control thermostat used in most households. It is based on a precise temperature reading of the space that can be inspected regularly. If the temperature falls below a specified comfort level, the room's temperature is changed by applying heat.
  2. Another example that is regularly encountered daily may be observed in many gyms. Every month a fitness professional agrees with a dietary and workout prescriptions plan for the month. After the month, the individual would be weighed and confirmed once more for accuracy. A new strategy will be prepared based on the results, and the process will be repeated.

In the software development process, uncertainty in personnel, requirements, and technique affects project management activity. Because most software initiatives are innovative, the actual need cannot be generally represented upfront. An empirical method enables the team developing the product to build incrementally and monitor its progress toward achieving the client's requirements.

Also Read: Empiricism in Scrum 


Nowadays, IT industries are facing transformation due to the changing expectations of clients and demands by focusing their efforts on an agile client satisfaction approach. With this Scrum Master certification, you will have a comprehensive understanding of several Scrum Frameworks methodologies, such as empirical process control and scrum pillars.

CSM Training online course is suitable for individuals aiming to prove and enhance their existing Scrum leadership skills. This CSM certification is an excellent way of demonstrating your understanding of project management approaches and best practices, particularly related to Scrum methodologies. The primary goal of CSM training is to ensure that learners are fully prepared to take the CSM examination. This Scrum Master Course covers the Agile corners to set your program, work on estimates, costs and schedules depending on the Scrum framework.

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