The Ultimate Handbook to Scrum Development Process

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Jan 08, 2024

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Scrum is an agile framework for effective project management. It has an iterative that enables Scrum to deliver high-quality results embracing adaptability and collaboration. To better understand, let's consider an example. For example, a team is working on a project. So, in the Scrum development process, the team will break down the task into small and manageable entities. These entities are called "sprints." Each sprint focuses on delivering a specific set of features within a fixed timeframe. This approach allows for continuous feedback and improvement. 

Benefits of adopting the Scrum Development Process

Some of the common benefits of adopting the Scrum development process are:

  • Increased Transparency

Scrum provides visibility into the project's progress and goals. For example, in a data science project, there will be a regular sprint backlog and regular sprint reviews. This way, the product owner and stakeholders have a clear view of the team's progress.

  • Enhanced Collaboration

Adopting Scrum encourages close collaboration between data scientists, analysts, and developers. It results in better insights and innovative solutions.

  • Flexibility

Scrum allows teams to adapt to changing requirements and priorities. For example, the team can use evolving data and insights and adjust their approach. This ensures that the project stays on track and delivers value.

  • Continuous Improvement

The Scrum process also promotes a culture of continuous improvement. So, teams can -

    • Reflect on the algorithms and processes,
    • Continue refining for improved outcomes, and
    • Make necessary adjustments 
  • Increased Customer Satisfaction

By involving the customer and stakeholders throughout the process, the Scrum process ensures - 

    • Developed models align with the needs,
    • Make necessary adjustments, and
    • The delivered product meets expectations

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Understanding Scrum Basics

As an agile project management framework, Scrum ensures to delivery of valuable products. Thus, it becomes necessary to understand the basics of the Scrum development process. Here are some of the key aspects of the Scrum framework:


three main Scrum roles:

  • Product Owner: Represents the stakeholders and defines the product vision. These prioritize the product backlog items based and provide clear guidance to the team.
  • Scrum Master: He facilitates the Scrum process and ensures that the team adheres to Scrum principles. They also remove any obstacles that might hinder the team's progress.
  • Development Team: These are cross-functional individuals who collaborate to deliver the product. They self-organize, estimate work, and continuously improve their practices.


Scrum Artefacts give critical information to the team to understand the project. These primarily include:

  • Product Backlog: This is a prioritized list of features, enhancements, and bug fixes that need to be developed. The backlog list is with the product owner. He is the one who maintains the backlog.
  • Sprint Backlog: It is a subset of the product backlog items that the team commits to delivering during a sprint. It contains tasks and estimates.
  • Increment: This is the sum of all the completed product backlog items at the end of a sprint.


Some important events in the Scrum development process timeline are:

  • Sprint

It is the time-boxed iteration which is usually 1-4 weeks long. This is where the team works to deliver a set of product backlog items. It starts with sprint planning and ends with a sprint review and retrospective.

  • Daily Scrum

It means a 15-minute daily meeting. Here, the team synchronizes the work, discusses progress, and identifies any obstacles. It helps the team to be aligned and focused.

  • Sprint Review

It is a meeting held at the end of a sprint. This is where the team demonstrates the increment to stakeholders and collects feedback. The sprint review ensures that the product is meeting the stakeholders' expectations.

  • Sprint Retrospective

Sprint Retrospective refers to the meeting where the team reflects on the previous sprint and identifies improvements. This is to focus on what went well, what could be improved, and actionable steps for the next sprint.

Step-by-Step Guide to Scrum Development Process

Here's a step-by-step guide to the Scrum development process:

Product Backlog Refinement

This is the first stage. Here, the product owner prioritizes the product backlog items based on their value. He is also responsible for refining them to ensure they are well-defined and actionable. The product backlog may include tasks like -

  • Data Preprocessing, 
  • Feature Engineering, 
  • Model training, and 
  • Evaluation

Sprint Planning

The product owner and development team collaborate to select a set of backlog items to be delivered. Here, the team also -

  • Estimates the effort required for each item,
  • Breaks each item down into manageable tasks, and
  • Define tasks for the sprint

Sprint Execution

  • Once everything is planned, the development team - 
  • Work on the selected backlog items, 
  • Focus on completing all tasks, and
  • Hold daily scrum meetings to discuss progress and identify any impediments.

Sprint Review

At the end of the sprint, the team presents the completed increment to the product owner and stakeholders. Here, the purpose is to -

  • Gather feedback,
  • Discuss the achieved goals, and 
  • Assess whether the increment meets the acceptance criteria

Sprint Retrospective

In case there is any discrepancy with the delivery, the team introspects on the sprint. This introspection helps to -

  • Identify what went well,
  • What could be improved,
  • Possible actionable steps to improve, and
  • Addressing the challenges encountered,


The Scrum process continues with the next sprints. Every team member focuses on refining the product backlog and improving product delivery.

Common Challenges and Solutions in Scrum Implementation

Some of the common challenges that arise in the process of Scrum implementation are:

Lack of Stakeholder Engagement

It often happens that stakeholders are not actively involved in the Scrum process. This can lead to misalignment of expectations and delays in decision-making. So, it is ideal to -

  • Encourage regular communication and collaboration with stakeholders,
  • Conduct sprint reviews, 
  • Involve stakeholders in backlog refinement sessions, and
  • Note the input for consideration

Unrealistic Sprint Planning

Setting unrealistic goals in sprint planning can result in incomplete work. It can also lead to decreased team morale. Thus, it is advisable to -

  • Prioritize the product backlog, 
  • Estimate user stories as per team capacity, and
  • Conduct thorough backlog refinement to ensure stories are understood by the team

Lack of Team Collaboration

Another common challenge while implementing the Scrum process is inadequate collaboration, which can lead to - 

  • Knowledge silos, 
  • Miscommunication, and 
  • Reduced productivity

Thus, to foster a culture of collaboration, ensure -

  • Daily stand-up meetings, 
  • Regular retrospectives,
  • Open and transparent communication,
  • Using collaboration tools eases real-time communication

Changing Requirements

Frequently changing requirements can also disrupt sprint goals. Moreover, it can impact the team's ability to deliver valuable increments. So, it is ideal to -

  • Maintain a product backlog,
  • Engage in communication with the product owner to manage changes effectively,
  • Using techniques like user story mapping to visualize the product backlog, and 
  • Aligning everything with the overall product vision

Resistance to Change

Often resistance to adopting Scrum practices can hinder the successful implementation of the framework. It can be by a team member or even by the product owner. Thus, to overcome this, one can -

  • Provide training on Scrum principles and benefits,
  • Encourage open dialogue to build a shared understanding, and
  • Conducting extra sessions for additional Scrum learning

Lack of Empowered Scrum Master

If the Scrum Master lacks authority or support, they may struggle to ease the Scrum process effectively. This can result in delayed delivery or even loss of projects. So, it is ideal to empower the Scrum Master by -

  • Delegating the necessary authority,
  • Provide the support Scrum Master need, 
  • They have dedicated time and resources to fulfil their role, and 
  • Encourage participation to contribute to the team's success

Thus, by implementing the suggested solutions, teams can overcome hurdles in Scrum implementation. Moreover, they can also enhance their collaboration, productivity, and value delivery.

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Final Words

The Scrum development process offers a structured approach to software development. With its focus on adaptability and delivering customer value, Scrum has proven to be a valuable methodology in today's dynamic and evolving business landscape. Thus, many leading companies now prefer candidates with PSM Certification. After all, a skilled professional guarantees the best results. With the lifetime Scrum.Org membership, role plays & games, 16 PDUs and SEUs, and classroom training enrol in this Psml Certification program and boost your career.

Also Read: What Is Scrum Guide

Frequently Asked Questions

How does Scrum address project risks?

Scrum addresses project risks by -

  • Encouraging transparency, 
  • Regular inspection, and 
  • Adaptation

The framework provides opportunities to identify and mitigate risks throughout the development process.

How does Scrum handle conflicting priorities?

Scrum handles conflicting priorities by involving the product owner. He is the one who prioritizes items in the product backlog based on business value, stakeholder feedback, and team input.

Can Scrum be used in non-software development projects?

Yes, it can be used. Scrum principles and practices can also be applied to various domains beyond software development. These can include marketing, HR, and research, to improve project outcomes and collaboration.

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