Agile vs V-Model

blog_auth Blog Author


published Published

Oct 05, 2023

views Views


readTime Read Time

12 mins

Table of Content 



In the domain of software development philosophies, such as Agile and V-Model.  The Agile Model is a dynamic technique for developing software that focuses on taking feedback from the customers and collaborating throughout the completion of the project. While the V-Model is the fastidious map maker, outlining an exact course from beginning to end. As we set out on this excursion, these will help in exploring the unique characteristics of Agile's adaptability and V-Model's organized thoroughness. For example – The agile model in real life is helpful for developing the software, and creating the applications whereas the V-Model is suitable for critical systems including aerospace, and performing testing at each stage.  Let's find out Difference between Agile Model and V-Model and how it shapes the software development scene and assists in controlling the projects toward progress!!


What is the Agile Model and V-Model ?

Agile Model:

The Agile Model is a software improvement strategy that focuses on adaptability, cooperation, and client centricity. It is an iterative and gradual way to deal with programming advancement that was intended to address the restrictions of conventional, straight models like the Cascade model. Agile approaches mean to convey worth to clients rapidly and persistently adjust to changing prerequisites all through the cycle of development.


Key characteristics and principles of the Agile model include

Iterative and Gradual Incremental Goals:

Agile ventures are separated into little, reasonable additions called iterations. Every emphasis brings about a possibly shippable item increase. The improvement group deals with a subset of elements during every emphasis, constantly refining and improving the quality of the product.


Agile puts areas of strength in client cooperation. Client input is requested and integrated through the advancement interaction to guarantee that the item meets their developing requirements.

Continuous Improvement:

Agile groups consistently think about their cycles and look for ways of further developing proficiency and item quality. This iterative way to deal with progress is known as reviews.

 V-Model (Verification and Validation Model):

The V-Model, otherwise called the Validation and Verification Model or the V-Model for short, is a product improvement and testing approach that underlines the significance of testing all through the whole advancement lifecycle. It is much of the time seen as an expansion of the Cascade model yet with a more grounded centre around testing.

In the V-Model, the turn of events and testing stages are adjusted in a successive and equal way, framing a V-shaped diagram.


The key principles and characteristics of the V-Model include

Early Emphasis on Testing

Testing exercises start from the get-go in the undertaking lifecycle and are distinguished and redressed at the earliest opportunity to guarantee that deformities. This diminishes the expense and exertion expected to be fixed later in the advancement cycle.


The V-Model puts areas of strength for recognizability, implying that each prerequisite and plan component ought to be discernible in a particular experiment. This guarantees that all venture requirements are sufficiently tried.


Agile vs V-Model

The V-Model and Agile Model are two essentially different ways to deal with developing the software, each with its own arrangement of standards, qualities, and use cases. Let’s have a look at the comparison and contrast between the V-Model vs Agile Model on the basis of the different factors:

1. Development Approach:

Ø  V-Model:  The V-Model is an arrangement-driven or successive way to deal with software development. It underscores an organized and predefined set of stages, each with its comparing trying stage. It follows a more straight and successive way, with an emphasis on check and approval exercises at each step.

 Ø  Agile Model:  Agile is an iterative and steady way to deal with improvement. It is adaptable and versatile, with an accentuation on coordinated effort, client criticism, and the capacity to answer changing prerequisites all through the completion of the project. Agile promotes the delivery of working programming in little, successive emphasises.

2.  Flexibility:

 Ø  V-Model:  The V-Model is less adaptable with regard to obliging changes in prerequisites. It expects that prerequisites are generally static, and any progressions might prompt critical corrections and extra testing endeavours.

 Ø  Agile Model:  Agile is highly adaptable and versatile. It invites changes in prerequisites and needs, making it reasonable for projects where necessities are probably going to develop or where there is a requirement for quick reaction to showcase changes.

3. Customer Involvement:

Ø  V-Model:  Client contribution will, in general, be more restricted, particularly during the later transformative phases, with an emphasis on proper acknowledgement testing.

 Ø  Agile Model:   Agile supports consistent client inclusion and cooperation. Clients and partners are many times a piece of the improvement group, giving criticism and focusing on highlights all through the task.

4.  Requirements:

 Ø  V-Model:  The V-Model expects that prerequisites are steady and clear-cut from the very start of the task. It depends on definite forthright preparation and documentation.

 Ø  Agile Model:  Agile recognizes that necessities might change and develop during the task. It embraces changing necessities and energizes close cooperation with clients, stakeholders and partners to iteratively refine and focus on them.

5. Project Control:

 Ø  V-Model:  The V-Model gives an organized way to deal with managing projects and control, with clear achievements and doors between stages.

 Ø  Agile Model:  Agile depends on self-sorting out groups and regular assessments and transformations. Project control is more decentralized, with groups deciding and changing in light of criticism and progress.


Also Read: Pillars of Scrum

Similarity between Agile Model and V-Model

While Agile and V-Model are fundamentally different programming advancements, there are a few shared characteristics or similarities between the two that have been listed below:

1. Focusing on Testing:  The two approaches underscore the significance of testing all through the advancement interaction. In the V-Model, testing is an equal stage to improvement, while in the Agile Model, testing is incorporated into every emphasis or run. 

2. Prerequisites Examination:  The two strategies require a reasonable comprehension of prerequisites forthright, although the degree of detail and adaptability in dealing with changing necessities vary essentially.

3.  Quality Concentration:  The two philosophies intend to convey an excellent item, yet they have various approaches to accomplishing this objective. The agile model focuses on nonstop improvement and transformation, while the Model accentuates thorough testing and approval. 

4. Client Coordinated effort:  Both Agile and V-Model perceive the significance of client contribution. In the Agile model, client criticism is looked for all through the undertaking, while in the V-Model, client acknowledgement is regularly a conventional move toward the approval stage. 

5. Documentation:  The two approaches require documentation, yet the degree and organization of documentation fluctuate. V-Model normally includes greater documentation, including nitty-gritty test plans and configuration reports, while the Agile model focuses on working programming over complete documentation.


What should be selected V-Model or Agile Model?

Choose the V-Model if

a)  Necessities are obvious and clearly defined:  The V-Model is most reasonable when having an unmistakable, stable arrangement of prerequisites forthright. In the event that can obviously determine what the product needs to do all along and those prerequisites are probably not going to change fundamentally, the V-Model can function admirably. 

b) Administrative or Regulatory framework:  In enterprises with severe administrative or Regulatory frameworks (e.g., medical services, aviation), the V-Model's emphasis on exhaustive documentation and testing can assist with guaranteeing that all prerequisites are met and appropriately approved. 

c)  Small or direct activities:  For direct activities with restricted intricacy, where the improvement interaction is moderately clear, the V-Model might give a proficient and predictable methodology. 

Choose the Agile Model if

a) Prerequisites are evolving:  In the event that the needs of the project are supposed to change or develop over the long run, the Agile model is a superior fit since it embraces change and considers adaptability in adjusting to advancing necessities. 

b) Client-coordinated effort is fundamental:  The agile model puts major areas of strength on a continuous joint effort with the client or end-clients. To include partners all throughout the improvement cycle, Agile is a decent decision.

c) Group adaptability and strengthening:  The agile model energizes self-sorting out groups and engages colleagues to simply decide in decision-making. If persons have any desire to establish a cooperative and engaged improvement climate, Agile might be a good decision or choice.

d) Market-driven projects:  Agile model is frequently preferred for projects in aggressive business sectors where time-to-advertise is very critical. It permits the person to deliver highlights and updates all the more habitually, keeping the item competitive in the market.

Also Read : Extreme Programming in Agile

Merits and demerits of Agile model and V-model

Both the Agile Model and the V-Model have their merits and demerits, and the decision between them relies upon the project’s prerequisites, requirements, and the association's culture. Here is an outline of the merits and demerits of each methodology:

Agile Model


1. Flexibility:   Agile is exceptionally versatile to evolving prerequisites. It permits the person to respond rapidly to client criticism and develop task needs.

 2. Customer-Centric:   Agile puts major areas of strength for an on-client joint effort and fulfilment, guaranteeing that the conveyed item adjusts intimately with client assumptions.

 3.Iterative Developments:  It advances Iterative developments of events, empowering the conveyance of working programming in short cycles (runs), which can prompt early and consistent conveyance.

 4. Quicker Agile's gradual methodology frequently prompts quicker time-to-advertise for the underlying item and takes into consideration faster element discharges.

 5.High visibility:  Agile model gives transparency and visibility into project progress, making it simpler to follow work, recognize issues, and make changes on a case-by-case basis.

 6. Enabled Groups:  Agile energizes self-sorting out and cross-practical groups, encouraging a feeling of responsibility and strengthening among colleagues.



1. Absence of Consistency:  The adaptability of Agile can make it very challenging to give precise venture timetables and quotes, particularly from the beginning of the task.

 2. Documentation:  The agile model may focus on working programming over complete documentation, which can be a drawback in ventures with severe administrative or documentation prerequisites.

 3. Constant Client Contribution:  While client inclusion is a strength, it can likewise be a test on the off chance that clients are not promptly accessible or have clashing needs.

4.  Asset Concentrated:  The agile model requires dynamic cooperation from colleagues and partners, especially concerning gatherings and correspondence.




1. Clarity, predictability and Consistency:  The V-Model's successive and factual methodology gives clarity as far as undertaking stages and expectations, making it simpler to gauge timetables and expenses. 

2. Thorough Testing:  Testing is incorporated all through the improvement cycle, guaranteeing an intensive approval of the product and lessening the probability of basic imperfections.

 3. Regulatory Compliance:  V-Model is often preferred in businesses with rigid administrative and consistent prerequisites because of its extensive documentation and approval processes.

4. Early Error Recognition:  Imperfections and issues are much of the time recognized from the early advancement cycle, which can prompt expense reserve funds by resolving issues before they become more costly to fix.

5. Well-Defined Roles and Responsibilities:  The V-Model appoints explicit roles, responsibilities and obligations to colleagues, lessening equivocalness about who is liable for what.



1. Restricted Adaptability:  The V-Model is less versatile to changing prerequisites and can be altered once the task is in progress.

2. Delay in Customer Feedback: Client contribution normally happens toward the finish of the advancement interaction during acknowledgement testing, which might prompt inconsistencies between client assumptions and the conveyed item.

3. Longer Opportunity: Due to its successive nature, the V-Model might bring about a longer opportunity to showcase the underlying item discharge.

4. Higher Forthright Preparation: The V-Model requires broad forthright preparation and documentation, which can be tedious and exorbitant.

5. Lesser Visibility:  There might be lesser visibility into project progress until the later stages, making it harder to early recognize issues.


Certification Training

2 Days of live virtual training

View course


Overall, In the consistently developing scene of developing the software, the decision between Agile and V-Model can develop or break the project. While Agile's flexibility and client centricity flourish in unique conditions, the V-Model's organized methodology sparkles in controlled enterprises. Both have their advantages and disadvantages, requiring a cautious arrangement with project prerequisites and hierarchical culture. The key lies in choosing the model that best suits the necessities to complete the project guaranteeing a smoother venture towards the progress in the perplexing universe of developing the software. Agile courses and certifications encourage the product manager to explore the dynamic markets and emphasize customer-focused leadership. For CEO Agile certifications like PMI-ACP tend to play a crucial role by allowing the company to align with the agile principles and drive towards growth and competitive edge. These Agile courses and certifications provided by our company enable product managers to enhance their skills and develop themselves as professionals.


Frequently asked questions

1. What are the merits and demerits of the Agile model?

The merits of the Agile model include regulatory compliance, and well-defined responsibilities whereas the demerits of the Agile model include lesser visibility and delay in the feedback of the customers.

 2. What are the characteristics and principles of Agile and V-Model?

Characteristics and Principles of Agile Model

  •  Continuous Improvement
  •    Customer Centric

Characteristics and principles of V-Model

  •      Traceability
  •      Emphasis on Testing

 3. Define Agile Model

A. It is an iterative approach to managing the project and developing the product. This model aims to enhance the value of the customers, increase the efficiency of the project, and rapidly adapt to changing situations.

 4. Define V-Model

A. V-Model stands for Validation and Verification Model. It is a testing approach for  model also helps in rapidly detecting resolutions of the defects.

 5. What are the similarities between Agile and V-Model?

  •  Focusing on the quality
  • Examining the prerequisites
  •  Focusing on the testing 

Share the blog

Keep reading about

Card image cap
Agile and Scrum
CSM Certification vs CSPO Certification
calender05 Jul 2019calender15 mins
Card image cap
Agile and Scrum
Overview of PMI-ACP Certification
calender28 Jun 2019calender12 mins
Card image cap
Agile and Scrum
Do We Need an Agile Coach
calender27 Jun 2019calender15 mins

We have
successfully served:


professionals trained




sucess rate


>4.5 ratings in Google

Drop a Query

Email Id
Contact Number
Enquiry for*
Enter Your Query*