Agile vs RAD

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Oct 03, 2023

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With programming application advancement, various methodologies of project management have evolved, each taking care of the particular necessities of various associations. Among these techniques, Rapid Application Development and Agile have earned huge respect and inescapable reception across little, medium, and enormous endeavors. As associations endeavor to smooth out their process of developing the software, it becomes essential to figure out the contrasts and similarities between Rapid Application Development and Agile. In this blog, further emphasis will be laid on understanding different aspects such as weaknesses and strengths, and the reasons behind selecting the most appropriate approach to develop the software in the future. Thus, plunging into the nitty gritty examination of Rapid Application Development versus Agile, featuring their particular elements and helping to decide the correct way to develop the software. For example - In a product project, Agile iterative methodology resembles developing a structure floor by floor with consistently getting feedback from the customers, while RAD resembles building a prefab house rapidly to meet time constraints.

Agile vs RAD

RAD (Rapid Application Development) and Agile are the two ways to deal with the development of software that underscores adaptability, coordinated effort, and iterative advancement.


Agile is a more extensive methodology for developing software that incorporates different strategies and approaches, including Scrum, Outrageous Programming (XP), and Kanban. The methodologies of Agile share a typical arrangement of standards illustrated in the Manifesto of Agile, which values people and cooperation, interacting with the customers, client joint effort, and providing a response to the change. Agile practices break projects into little, sensible additions, with every cycle delivering new elements or enhancements. This iterative methodology cultivates a culture of consistent improvement, straightforwardness, and coordinated effort among cross-utilitarian groups. Agile's versatility and client-driven center make it appropriate for projects where prerequisites are advancing, and delivering cost quickly and frequently which is most appropriate for success. Agile is an adaptable and cooperative way to deal with developing software and managing projects. It focuses on consumer loyalty, versatility, and conveying significant, working programming to put it plainly, iterative cycles. In contrast to conventional Cascade approaches, Agile recognizes that project prerequisites can change, even late at the time of developing the process.

Rapid Application Development

Rapid Application Development (RAD) is a technique for developing software that focuses on expedient turn of events and regular cycles. It arose during the 1980s as a reaction to the conventional Waterfall model, which was frequently scrutinized for its sluggish speed and absence of versatility. Rapid Application Development centres around conveying software rapidly by utilizing prototyping and iterative advancement strategies. It is reasonable for projects with moderately stable necessities and a requirement for quick initial delivery. This methodology revolves around developing the software quickly with the help of strategies of iterative advancement and prototyping. Key elements of RAD incorporate the utilization of models to assemble client input, equal improvement streams, dynamic client contribution, and time-boxed advancement cycles. RAD is especially reasonable for projects with clear cut prerequisites and an emphasis on diminishing improvement time. One of RAD's essential objectives is to reduce the risks of the project by delivering a functional prototype at the time of the process of development. RAD's iterative nature and client-driven approach go with it a powerful decision for projects that require fast delivery while keeping a serious level of client fulfillment and joint effort

Comparison and contract between RAD vs. Agile

1.      Speed of Development

Agile:  Agile underlines a manageable speed of developing software over the long haul. It takes approximately 2 to 4 weeks to develop the software.

RAD: RAD focuses on speed and quickly developing the software, by focusing on quick delivery initially with respect to the prototype or the minimum viable product (MVP).

2.      Managing the risks

Agile: Agile addresses risk by continuously investigating and transforming, making it reasonable for complex and developing projects to be completed on time.

RAD: RAD decreases risk by rapidly delivering a functional prototype, which helps in recognizing and reducing problems easily.

3.      Prototyping

Agile:  Agile may utilize prototyping. It emphasizes more on conveying working programming with each and every iteration.

RAD: RAD rotates around prototyping. It utilizes models to catch and refine necessities and iteratively develop the final product.

4.      Duration of time

Agile:  In Agile techniques, projects are coordinated into time-boxed duplication, termed as sprints. Each sprint can go from 1 to 4 weeks, relying upon the preferences of the group members and the quality of the projects. The duration of an Agile project is mainly calculated with the help of the number of sprints needed for delivering the desired characteristics. However, despite having a fixed timeline for the project Agile tends to focus on delivering the working software in the short course by considering frequent adaptations.

RAD:  RAD (Rapid Application Development) intends to deliver the software rapidly through quick prototyping, testing, and receiving feedback from the clients. Thus, Rapid Application Development focuses on short advancement cycles. The projects of RAD are comparatively shorter as compared to methods of developing the Agile software.

5.      Involvement of the User

Agile:  Agile methodologies focus on the involvement of the user all through the process of development. Agile groups effectively connect with clients in the iterative improvement cycles. Clients partake in the refinement and prioritization of the backlog of the product. Finally, at the end of each sprint, the software is displayed to the users to get feedback and reviews.

RAD:  The involvement of the user is a basic part of the RAD (Rapid Application Development) system. Thus, RAD effectively draws in clients all through the process of development to guarantee that the final software addresses their issues and assumptions. In RAD, the involvement of the user begins from the early phases of prerequisite gathering. Then clients get usually involved in post-prototyping to receive feedback.

In conclusion, both Agile vs RAD underline iterative development and collaborating with the customers, yet they vary in their level of spotlight on prototyping, speed, and versatility. The decision between them relies upon the particular requirements of the project, the ideal speed of delivery, and the stability of the needs. In contrast, with RAD, Agile tends to adapt easily to changing needs but Rapid Application Development is slightly quick to develop a prototype.

Agile model vs RAD model

The Agile model and RAD model are the models for developing software having unique characteristics and procedures. Certain characteristics of both these models include prototyping, iterative development, involvement of the users, and ensures prioritization.

BasisAgile ModelRapid Application Development (RAD) Model
PrototypingThe prototype is not presentThe Prototype is present
InvolvementCustomer and Stakeholder involvementUser involvement
FlexibilityHigher flexibilityLess flexibility
Risk ManagementIt manages risks with the help of inspectionsIt addresses the risks with the help of delivering the working prototypes
Structure of the teamSelf-organizing teamCross-functional teams
DocumentationLess documentation is requiredMore documentation is required


Similarity between Agile vs Rapid Application Development

  • Customer-centric approach:  Agile vs Rapid Application Development focus on consumer loyalty and association. Subsequently, they connect with clients at the initial stage of the project and irregularly either during the discussions of the prototyping or the various sessions of the sprints.
  • Adaptability and Flexibility:  Rapid Application Development and Agile procedures figure out the requirement for adaptability and flexibility in developing the software. They recognize that necessities might change after some time and embrace integrating feedback and changing likewise.
  • Continuous Improvement: The two strategies such as RAD vs Agile stress consistent improvement and learning. They energize reviews, where the group ponders the advancement interaction, identifies regions for development, and executes changes to upgrade efficiency and productivity
  • Communication and Collaboration: Both techniques such as Rapid Application Development vs Agile concentrate on effective communication and collaboration with developing the groups and communicating with the stakeholders. RAD and Agile focus on using open channels of communication, ensuring progress, and needs, and thereby ensuring to foster a shared understanding regarding the objectives of the projects.
  • Focusing on the software of working: RAD and Agile approaches focus on the delivery of working programming. Both methodologies tend to aim to produce tangible outcomes quickly, thereby ensuring to provide value to stakeholders as well as the clients throughout the process of development.
  • Iterative: The Agile vs RAD makes use of the iterative and incremental techniques for developing the process. Both of these technologies are mainly useful for the development of the software.

To sum up, both of these methodologies have similarities in their principles, guidelines, and objectives. While Agile and RAD share these characteristics, it's essential to take note that they might in any case vary in their particular practices, processes, and the degree to which these standards are applied. The decision between Agile vs RAD ought to depend on the specific requirements and qualities of the task, as well as the inclinations and imperatives of the group development and association.

Reasons of selecting Agile vs RAD (Rapid Application Development)

  • Reasons for selecting Agile

1. If a person has an obvious and stable arrangement of necessities toward the beginning of the task.

2. Having restricted scope in a small or medium-sized project.

3 Involvement of the users and input (feedback) are significant, and you can effectively connect with clients all through the process of development.

4. The task can profit from fast prototyping and iterative improvement cycles.

5. Agile focuses on the involvement of the customers actively while completing the project. If close joint effort with clients, end-clients, and partners is fundamentally important, Agile's client-driven approach guarantees their feedback is routinely looked for and integrated into the process of development.

Reasons for selecting RAD (Rapid Application Development)

1.      RAD is best while managing surely with stable prerequisites. If a person tends to have a clear scope regarding the project, RAD's fast prototyping and improvement can assist in rapidly constructing and delivering the item.

2.      RAD is known for its speed and spotlight on delivering a prototype or model quickly. If time-to-showcase is a basic variable, RAD can assist the person in getting an item in the possession of clients rapidly.

3.      RAD puts a huge emphasis on the involvement of the user, particularly during the prototyping stage. Assuming that a person approaches clients who can effectively partake in the process of development, RAD can assist with guaranteeing the end result lines up with their necessities.

4.      RAD lessens the risk of the project by rapidly developing a working prototype that can be utilized for early approval and criticism. If a person has any desire to limit project risk by recognizing and resolving issues quickly. Therefore, Rapid Application Development is a reasonable choice as compared to Agile.

5.      It's vital to guarantee that the focus of the project must be on the goals, and objectives of the underlying model. If a person can manage the scope appropriately with respect to the prototype, Rapid Application Development can deliver the outcomes quickly.

At times, associations may likewise decide to mix components of both Agile vs RAD to make a mixed approach that best suits the requirements of the particular project. At last, the decision between Agile and RAD ought to be made in view of a cautious evaluation of the characteristics, goals, and objectives, and constraints.


In conclusion, the comparison and contrast between Agile and RAD (Rapid Application Development) features their particular philosophies and standards, while additionally perceiving their common goals. Both Agile and RAD focus on consumer loyalty, iterative turn of events, adaptability, and client contribution, making them significant methodologies in the domain of developing the software. Agile, with its focus on versatility, client cooperation, and continuous working software delivery, is appropriate for projects where prerequisites are supposed to change and feedback from the client is essential. It offers a maintainable speed of improvement and effectively manages the risks by continuously adapting and inspecting.
Then again, RAD succeeds in projects with stable necessities that request quick delivery initially. It influences prototyping and involvement of the users to rapidly moderate dangers and develop a functional prototype. Eventually, the decision between Agile vs RAD relies upon the remarkable requirements and attributes of the task. A few tasks might try and profit from a hybrid approach that joins components of the two methodologies (Agile and RAD). No matter what the decision, the objective continues as before: delivering software that addresses client issues and delivers esteem proficiently and effectively. Unlock the organization's maximum capacity with Agile Certifications and Courses. These Agile Certifications and courses play a vital role for the product managers as a key to the changing roles of leadership, for Chief Financial Officers Agile Certifications act as a blueprint for lucrative excellence, and for CEO's the Agile courses means path to innovation. However, it is essential to make investment in the growth of the team by ensuring to increase the productivity of the organization. Enhance your career with Agile courses and certifications and let the organization to get succeed

Frequently Asked Questions

1.What is RAD?

RAD (Rapid Application Development) is a strategy for developing software that stresses fast prototyping and developing the iterative. It arose as a reaction to the constraints of conventional Waterfall models, that emphasize delivering the software quickly using regular cycles, and prototypes. RAD speeds up the process of development, encourages the involvement of the user, and lessens project risk by identifying and resolving issues rapidly in the cycle of development. 

2. What are the elements involved in the similarity of Agile vs RAD?

Various similarities between both methodologies include communication, and collaboration, continuous improvement, developing the iterative, and adaptability and flexibility. 

3. Why is Agile a more appropriate methodology as compared to RAD?

Agile strategies can be viewed as better compared to RAD because of the specific cycle systems. The main viewpoint that makes Agile better is the capacity to repeat a necessity according to the client's needs at a particular stage. However, this can postpone the final distribution of the application and, in any case, draw out a superior variant of the software. 

4. What are the differences between Agile and RAD?

In Agile, customers, and stakeholders are involved whereas, in RAD only the involvement of the user is emphasized.

 5.  Agile vs RAD?

Agile is a more extensive technique for developing software that incorporates different strategies including Scrum, and Kanban. But on the other hand, RAD is a methodology for developing software that focuses on iterative and regular cycles.

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