What is the SAFe PI Planning

blog_auth Blog Author


published Published

Jan 30, 2024

views Views


readTime Read Time

16 mins

Table of contents


The Scaled Agile structure (SAFe) is at the center of this world. It is a tried-and-true structure that lets big businesses use Agile methods on a large scale. Program Increment (PI) Planning is one of the most important parts of SAFe that makes it possible for the whole company to succeed. PI Planning is more than just a meeting; it's the heart of the SAFe system that makes it possible for teams to work together, be aligned, and deliver on time. It's where plans become actions and teams work together to turn vague goals into real-world plans for success. We will go into great detail about what safe pi planning - SAFe Framework is all about in this blog. We want to help you with every part of this important process, from the basic ideas behind it to the finer points of how to carry it out. Whether you're new to the idea or just want to get better at what you're already doing, this journey will show you how to make your PI Planning sessions not only useful but also life-changing.

Overview of PI Planning in SAFe

Program Increment (PI) Planning is not just a ceremonial gathering; it is the cornerstone of the Scaled Agile Framework, essential for synchronizing the efforts of multiple Agile Release Trains (ARTs). In this section, we'll delve into what PI Planning truly entails and why it's indispensable in the realm of SAFe.

1. What is PI Planning?

  • Definition: PI Planning is a significant event in the SAFe calendar, typically occurring every 8-12 weeks. It's a two-day event where all members of the Agile Release Train come together to align on a shared vision and plan the next Program Increment.
  • Objective: The primary goal of PI Planning is to create a unified, realistic roadmap for the upcoming PI. It focuses on fostering collaboration across teams, aligning individual team objectives with the broader organizational goals, and addressing dependencies and risks upfront.

2. The Role of PI Planning in Aligning Teams

  • Building a Shared Vision: One of the critical functions of PI Planning is to ensure that every team member understands the bigger picture. It helps in aligning team efforts towards common organizational goals.
  • Cross-team Collaboration: PI Planning facilitates direct interaction among teams, leading to a better understanding of how each team's work contributes to the overall mission. This collaboration is key to addressing complexities and dependencies in large-scale projects.

3. Key Components of PI Planning

  • Program Backlog: A prioritized list of features and enablers, providing the teams with a clear understanding of what needs to be accomplished.
  • Vision and Roadmaps: Outline the strategic direction and objectives for the upcoming PI, including any significant milestones or deliverables.
  • Team and Program PI Objectives: Specific, measurable objectives set by each team and at the program level, driving the focus for the upcoming PI.

SAFe Agilist

Certification Course

2 Days of live virtual training

View course

Preparing for PI Planning

Preparation is key to the success of any PI Planning session. In this section, we'll explore the essential steps and strategies to ensure that your PI Planning is not only effective but also sets the stage for a successful Program Increment.

1. Steps to Prepare for a Successful PI Planning Event

  • Aligning Business Objectives: Before diving into planning, it’s crucial to ensure that business objectives are clear and communicated to all. This alignment sets the stage for a focused and effective PI Planning session.
  • Preparing the Program Backlog: The Program Backlog is the backbone of PI Planning. It should be refined and prioritized before the event, with a clear understanding of the features and enablers that need to be addressed.
  • Setting the Agenda: A well-structured agenda is vital. It should include time for presenting the vision, team breakouts, draft plan reviews, and problem-solving. Time management is crucial to keep the event on track.

2. Role of Leadership and Agile Release Trains (ARTs) in Preparation

  • Leadership Involvement: Leaders play a pivotal role in setting the vision and strategic direction for the PI. Their active involvement and support are essential for a successful planning session.
  • Empowering ARTs: Each Agile Release Train must come prepared with a clear understanding of their capabilities and constraints. This preparation involves having a refined team backlog, understanding the capacity, and being aware of any dependencies.

3. Logistics and Resources

  • Choosing the Right Environment: Whether it’s a physical location or a virtual setup, the environment should facilitate collaboration and communication among all participants.
  • Ensuring Availability of Necessary Tools: For effective planning, especially in a remote context, having the right set of tools (like digital boards and collaboration platforms) is critical.

Executing PI Planning

After thorough preparation, it's time to dive into the actual PI Planning event. This two-day session is where strategies are turned into detailed plans, and team alignment is put into action. Here, we'll break down the key activities and roles involved in executing a successful PI Planning session.

1. Day 1: Laying the Foundation

  • Vision Presentation: The event typically kicks off with the leadership presenting the vision and objectives for the upcoming Program Increment. This sets the tone and direction for the entire session.
  • Team Breakouts: Teams then break into separate sessions to discuss the features and enablers in the backlog, brainstorming how they can contribute to the PI objectives.
  • Draft Plan Reviews: The day usually ends with teams presenting their draft plans to the rest of the ART. This review process fosters transparency and allows for early feedback and adjustments.

2. Day 2: Finalizing and Aligning Plans

  • Continuation of Team Planning: Teams continue to refine their plans based on feedback and further discussions.
  • Identifying Risks and Dependencies: A critical part of Day 2 is identifying and addressing cross-team dependencies and risks, ensuring that these are managed effectively.
  • Confidence Vote: The session concludes with a confidence vote from all teams, signifying their commitment to the plan and identifying any areas of concern that need additional support.

3. Roles and Responsibilities

  • Product Manager: Responsible for the Program Backlog and setting the overall vision for the PI.
  • Release Train Engineer (RTE): Facilitates the PI Planning process, ensuring that the event runs smoothly and objectives are met.
  • Scrum Masters and Team Members: Actively participate in planning, bringing insights from the team level and committing to the iteration plans.

Executing a successful PI Planning session requires meticulous attention to detail, open communication, and strong collaboration across all teams. It's a process that not only aligns teams to a common goal but also builds a sense of ownership and accountability for the outcomes of the Program Increment.

The Methodology for PI Planning

A successful PI Planning session is more than just following the agenda; it involves embracing practices that enhance collaboration, clarity, and commitment. This section will outline key best practices that can elevate the quality and outcome of your PI Planning sessions.

1. Strategies for Effective Communication and Collaboration

  • Clear and Open Communication: Encourage open dialogue and active listening. This fosters a transparent environment where concerns and ideas can be freely shared.
  • Leveraging Visual Tools: Use visual aids like charts, graphs, and digital boards to make complex information more understandable and engaging.
  • Frequent Sync-Ups: Regular check-ins during the PI Planning event help identify and address issues early, ensuring that everyone stays aligned.

2. Tips for Addressing Common Challenges

  • Handling Remote and Distributed Teams: For teams not co-located, leverage video conferencing and collaborative online tools to ensure effective participation.
  • Managing Time Effectively: Keep the agenda tight, and ensure that discussions are focused and productive. Time-box discussions to avoid overrun.
  • Dealing with Uncertainties and Changes: Stay flexible and adapt plans as necessary. Encourage a mindset that embraces change as part of the Agile process.

3. Involving Tools and Technology

  • Digital Collaboration Platforms: Utilize tools like Jira, Confluence, or other Agile planning tools to facilitate remote collaboration and maintain a single source of truth.
  • Automated Reporting and Tracking: Use automation tools for progress tracking and reporting, which can save time and increase accuracy.

4. Continuous Improvement

  • Retrospectives and Feedback: Conduct retrospectives post-PI Planning to gather feedback and identify areas for improvement.
  • Learning and Adapting: Use insights from each PI Planning session to refine your approach and processes continually.

Post-PI Planning Activities

In what follows is critical in turning the plans into reality and maintaining the momentum. This section will explore the key steps and considerations in the post-PI Planning phase.

1. Finalizing and Revising Plans

  • Review and Adjust: Post PI Planning, teams should review their commitments and make necessary adjustments based on feedback and any new insights.
  • Approval and Commitment: Final plans should be formally approved by leadership, ensuring that everyone is on the same page and committed to the set objectives.

2. Establishing PI Objectives and Program Board

  • Setting Clear Objectives: Convert the plans into specific, measurable PI objectives that can be tracked and managed.
  • Creating a Program Board: This visual representation of the PI plan highlights key features, dependencies, and milestones, serving as a roadmap for the entire ART.

3. The Importance of Follow-up and Continuous Improvement

  • Regular Check-ins: Schedule regular sync-ups to review progress, address impediments, and ensure alignment with the PI objectives.
  • Adapting to Change: Stay agile by being open to changes and adjustments in the plan, as necessitated by feedback or changing circumstances.

4. Reflection and Learning

  • Conducting Retrospectives: Regular retrospectives are crucial for teams to reflect on what’s working and what’s not, fostering a culture of continuous improvement.
  • Sharing Lessons Learned: Encourage the sharing of insights and lessons learned across teams, which can be invaluable for future PI Planning sessions.

SAFe Agilist

Certification Course

Get Certified from Scaled Agile

View course


To sum up, SAFe PI Planning is an important part of the Scaled Agile Framework that makes sure teams work together and that large-scale Agile projects go smoothly. This complete guide has shown you every step of PI Planning, from planning to doing the work and beyond. Remember that the real power of PI Planning is not just careful planning, but also creating an environment where people work together, are flexible, and are always trying to get better. By following these rules, companies can get the most out of their Agile teams, which will increase productivity, make goals more clear, and eventually create a more flexible and quick-to-respond company. Are you ready to get better at Agile and learn how to use SAFe PI Planning? Come to StarAgile for our SAFe Certification course. Our course is intended to give you the knowledge and practical skills you need to do well in the Agile world. We are dedicated to excellence and have a 100% success rate. With StarAgile, you can do more than just plan for success.

Share the blog

Keep reading about

Card image cap
What is an Agile Release Train (ART) ?
calender13 May 2019calender12 mins
Card image cap
Scaling Agile in Large Organisation
calender06 May 2019calender20 mins
Card image cap
Top 10 Reasons to Get SAFe Agile Certific...
calender26 Mar 2019calender20 mins

We have
successfully served:


professionals trained




sucess rate


>4.5 ratings in Google

Drop a Query

Email Id
Contact Number
Enquiry for*
Enter Your Query*