Deep Learning vs Machine Learning (DL vs ML)

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Apr 15, 2022

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Definition of Machine Learning and Deep Learning 

Deep Learning:

Deep learning (abbreviated as "DL") is a subcategory of machine learning. DL can process a broader range of data sources, involves less human preprocessing (e.g., features labelling), and occasionally gives more accurate outcomes than standard machine learning algorithms. But, it is more expensive in terms of time spent executing, hardware expenditures, and data volume.

The use of DL has increased significantly in recent decades. This is because:

  • The availability of progressively affordable Computer hardware but more powerful computer hardware;
  • Crowdsourcing rich datasets over the internet assists in creating, capturing, and curating the essential labelled datasets on a vast scale.

Machine Learning:

Data patterns and inferences derived from large amounts of data are the basis of machine learning ("ML"), which is the study of algorithms modelling that computer systems adopt to complete any specific task without inputs.

Arthur Samuel coined ML in 1959, a pioneer in computer gaming and AI. In practice, this involves creating algorithms including

  • Data consumption;
  • Detect patterns using statistical approaches; and
  • As a result, you'll "learn" how to accomplish a task.

Deep Learning and Machine Learning Mechanism 

The term deep learning and machine learning is synonymously used in the artificial intelligence (AI) community. But that's not true. 

Our computers have advanced enormously during the last few decades. By evolution, we mean improvements in power of calculation and data storage, along with changes in how machines perform. Thus, anyone fascinated with AI should first familiarize themselves with the terminologies and differences.

The data science online courses prepare students for industrial challenges by providing adequate training and advanced skills. The demand for certified data scientists is increasing at a faster rate.

Machine Learning Vs. Deep Learning

AreaDeep LearningMachine Learning
Human InvolvementAfter the initial setup, deep understanding takes almost no maintenance.To get results with machine learning, more continual human engagement is required. 
Hardware RequirementsDL is generally dependent on high-end systemsML is dependent on low-end devices. As a result, GPUs are an essential component of Deep Learning. That's a necessary aspect of the system. In addition, they perform a significant number of matrix multiplications.
Time DL systems require more time to set up, they can produce results instantly.It is simple to set up and operate, their outcomes may be limited in their potency in ML
InterpretabilityDL is still researched about ten times before it is used in the industry.We use interpretability as a criterion for the difference between machine learning and deep learning methods.
Feature design and developmentIt is pretty challenging to process. As a result, it requires both time and specialized knowledge.It is a standardized procedure. This involves incorporating domain expertise into the development of feature representation to minimize the complexity and make patterns more obvious to learn how the algorithm works.
ApproachDL uses neural networking models to build and manage massive amounts of data that are not structured.The primary difference between ML and deep learning algorithms is their performance. ML is fundamentally based on the data that are structured and includes conventional techniques such as linear regression.
ApplicationsDL technology facilitates the development of more complicated and autonomous systems, such as self-driving automobiles or surgical robots.Email, banking, and healthcare all use ML.


The recurrent neural network, a component of artificial neural networks (ANN), is used in DL. The algorithms are produced in the same way that ML algorithms are, except that there are many more tiers of algorithms. These N/Ws are collectively known as ANN. 

It stimulates the human brain's neural networks, which is the principle of deep learning. Algorithms and a method are used to solve all of the complex problems. One of the most important aspects of deep understanding is the ability to examine data in the same way that humans do continuously.

Machine learning is a type of AI Technology that enables a system to learn and get better through experiences without being configured to do so. Data is used to learn and find correct results. Machine learning is creating computer software that can access data and learn from it. It entails a great deal of complicated math and coding. It performs a specific task based on its facts and improves with time.

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Kinds of ML and DL principles/algorithm

DL - As the term "neurons" suggests, in deep learning, a neural network comprises interconnected nodes of software-based processors. When more deep learning algorithms are developed, it is possible to achieve these new objectives. Here are two different kinds of data scientists use deep learning, mainly in real life.

1. Neural Networks using Convolutional Layers:2. Recurrent Neural Networks (RNNs):

Convolutional neural networks (CNNs) are algorithms that have been specifically created to work with images. The term 'convolution' refers to applying a weight-based filter to each element of an image, assisting the computer in understanding and reacting to the image's elements.

This is advantageous for scanning a large volume of photos for a specific product or feature, such as images of the sea bottom looking for evidence of a shipwreck or a snapshot of a crowd looking for a single person's face.


Over the past decade, the field of computer vision has seen a significant rise in popularity, with the term coined to describe the discipline of machine image/video analysis and interpretation.

Recurrent neural networks bring a crucial new component to machine learning: memory. As a result, the computer can keep data sets and decisions from previous iterations "in mind".

Recurrent neural networks are becoming a significant emphasis in natural language processing. 


Machine Learning - There are three different kinds of machine learning algorithms:

Supervised: These Algorithms are programs that make predictions. Furthermore, this algorithm looks for patterns mostly in value labels that have been allocated to the data points to determine their significance.

Unsupervised: Data points are not labelled. Additionally, these machine learning techniques aggregate the data into clusters. Furthermore, it must explain its structure and provide complex data to make it easy to analyze for others who are unfamiliar with it.

Reinforcement: We choose an action based on these algorithms. Additionally, we can observe that it will be based on individual data points. After a while, the system adapts to learn better.

What Are The Implications Of Machine Learning Vs Deep Learning For Customer Service?

1. Chatbots –

In addition to chatbots, virtual assistants have started using AI to improve client experiences. These bots' speed and accessibility are revolutionizing customer service. With chatbots, clients may easily get answers to basic questions.

2. Virtual Assistants –

Artificial intelligence assistants bring immense opportunities to improve customer service. The goal isn't to entirely replace customer care services but to improve their performance, make their work more accessible, and give better customer service.

3. Intelligent Routing of Calls –

Intelligent call routing is currently the subject since it means happier clients and a better customer experience. Smart call route AI evaluates various factors, including an agent's track record and skills and training, to identify which agent is the best fit for the call. To choose the optimum course of action, this system uses artificial intelligence (AI).

Where Can Deep Learning and Machine Learning Be Use?

a. Computer Vision:

This is used for various purposes, including vehicle detection and face recognition.

b. Data Retrieval:

We use machine learning and deep learning for applications such as search engines, including text and picture search.

c. Advertising:

This machine learning method is used in automated email advertisements and target identification processes.

d. Diagnosis in the Medical Field:

It is widely used in the medical industry. Cancer diagnosis and anomaly detection are two typical applications.

  • Language Processing
  • For use in sentiment analysis, image tagging, online advertising, etc.

The Vision of Deep Learning and Machine Learning

Machine learning and deep learning will impact our lives for years, transforming practically every industry. Risky tasks may be automated, such as space travel or working in extreme environments.

  • Machine learning and deep learning difference are popular right now. Both are in high demand in businesses. They are in a growing market, particularly for businesses seeking to incorporate AI Techniques into their operations.
  • Deep Learning is found and proves to be the best method with the best results. So Deep Learning continues to impress us and will in the coming years.
  • Researchers have been focusing their efforts on Machine Learning vs Deep Learning in recent years. However, machine learning and deep learning research is getting popular in both industry and academia.

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Machine Learning was created to enable the development of intelligent systems, while Deep Learning elevated it to an entirely new level. Whereas Machine Learning was the starting point, Deep Learning has advanced. With the data science certification course, you may study the difference between machine learning and deep learning and natural language processing. It only involves basic math and data analysis skills.

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