Project Crashing in Project Management : Stages, Process and Roles in Crashing

by StarAgile

June 11, 2021
Category Project Management


WHAT IS CRASHING IN PROJECT MANAGEMENT

What Is Crashing In Project Management? The term refers to the practice used to compress schedules (i.e.) it is used when a person wishes to lessen the period of a project without modifying its scope. There are several methods adopted to achieve this end result. However, few have been most successful. 

Among them, there are essentially two methods for reducing the course of a project while maintaining its size. These are referred to as fast tracking and crashing. Cost and scheduling trade-offs are measured to determine how the utmost compression for the least incremental cost can be achieved. Crashing is a technique for analyzing and classifying activities due to the lowest crash price per unit time. Crashing is effective only for critical path operations where schedules can be shortened. 

When does a project manager (PM) want to maximize speculation to speed up the completion of the project? After all, much time and effort were wasted on the planning and scheduling of the project. Since Project Crashing incurs additional costs, it will not be used except in an emergency. 

The crash of the project leads to high direct costs for the project and determines the optimum time. In project management, direct costs serve as a basis for calculating crashed costs. Crashing a project performs the purpose of time management.

Role of a Project Manager in Project Crashing:

The project manager provides re-planning guidance during crash analysis based on the time-cost relationship. This means that output or quality standards are established, as in most projects. In the majority of situations, the specified result is fixed. Project Management Professional (PMP) is considered essential for project managers as a well-recognized and valued credential.

By using compression methods such as crashing, the project manager can provide re-planning ideas based on the functional interaction between time and cost. The project team will prepare alternative cost and schedule strategies objectively. Additionally, crashing the schedule offers a viable solution for the client. They should quickly assess and accept a variety of time-saving alternatives and their associated costs.

Use the workload page to ensure that your project crashing management strategy does not overburden any members of your team while under-allocating others. On the color-coded table, you can quickly determine who has an excessive number of assignments, balance the workload, or delegate them to the project that is about to crash. If you want to advance in your business operations, the PMP Certification can be highly beneficial.

Define The Project Logic:

A program logic model defines the program's resources and tasks and the modifications that are likely to change due to them. It clearly shows the relationships between the program's inputs, objectives, and activities and its organizational and operational tools, strategies and procedures, and expected outputs and effects.

A logic model explains how a program operates and describes the relationships between resources, events, and outcomes. The model acts as both a planning tool and an evaluation tool.

Program logic is a crucial element of program planning and assessment since it establishes a visually appealing and easily understandable connection between program activities and expected outcomes. This living document should be checked periodically to see whether it is still an appropriate program representation or requires a change.

The Basic Process Involved In Generating Crash in Project Management:

Consider the following simple Project Crashing Example. Your team has been entrusted with launching a magazine to celebrate your company's anniversary of founding. Still, delays in authorizing the lead feature have set the project behind schedule. 

To ensure that the magazine is released in time for the anniversary party, an unchangeable aspect of the project's scope, you want to pay a rush fee to the printer. Although this project-crashing phase enabled you to meet the project's inflexible deadline, it also increased the project's budget.

The fundamental procedure for generating a time-cost (crash) curve is to;

  1. Set the project logic
  2. Add the durations of the various activities.
  3. Establish the critical path for the project
  4. Determine the cost of each activity's crash.
  5. Evaluate the costs to crash per unit of time.
  6. Quantify the most economical crash sequence
  7. Analyze the critical path.
  8. Crash the network to the point that it reaches the crash limit.

Stages of Project Crashing In Project Management:

Stages of Project Crashing in PMP

At its core, Project Crashing is transparent — it simply means getting things accomplished faster. Once you have decided to use project crashing, you will take some steps to get the desired results.

1. Identify the Essential Path

Each project is constrained by three constraints: scope, cost, and timeline. The manager starts the project management crash phase by evaluating the size of the project and defining the components or tasks necessary to complete it.

Following this scope management evaluation, the manager determines which tasks to be shortened to accelerate delivery time. He or she then plots out a new path using the critical path method (CPM).

2. Determine Which Tasks Can Be Omitted

Project crash does not involve allocating more resources and defining tasks that can be shortened or abbreviated. The manager consults with the team to identify activities that can be eliminated without jeopardizing the project's success. Perhaps the team may be unable to shorten any assignments, but if they find any potential abbreviation options, they might save the manager budget on resource costs.

3. Determining the Opportunity Cost

The manager should determine the amount of time saved by following the strategies above and compare them to the negative consequences of the project running behind schedule. The project manager will now decide if it is worthwhile to add more resources to the project.

4. Invest In the Best Value Logical Solution

Now that the manager has this information, he or she can invest in the least costly solution to the issue. While the manager has decided that continuing with the Project Crashing activity is desirable, they can choose from various efficiency-enhancing options.

5. Make Necessary Adjustments to the Budget and Schedule

After making the necessary decisions, the manager must update the budget and timetable to represent a new resource allocation and notify stakeholders. The manager can require approval from stakeholders before requesting additional human or financial support, so they must clearly articulate the advantages of this initiative.

Conclusion:

Project Crashing Definition signifies a sophisticated project management strategy that requires adding the necessary number of prospective resources to the activities being considered. Project crashing is usually a final solution, not without serious risks. Fully understanding the resources and then allocate them is the first step in project crashing. If time is a factor, this procedure must be as effective as possible.

If you want to get a PMP Certification Training in project management, the PMP Course online is the best option. It will help you enjoy project management's success in your career.