Types Of Agile Methodology

StarAgilecalenderLast updated on April 01, 2024book15 minseyes3003

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Agile methodology is a flexible and collaborative project management approach that emphasises quick iterations to deliver high-quality products and services. It is based on the Agile Manifesto, which outlines four values and twelve principles to guide Agile teams. Agile methodology is best suited for projects that require frequent changes or where the end goal is not entirely clear. There are several types of Agile methodologies, including Scrum, Kanban, Extreme Programming (XP), and Lean-Agile. Scrum. Kanban is a visual project management tool that focuses on workflow and limits work in progress, while Lean Agile combines the principles of Agile with Lean manufacturing methodologies to streamline processes and eliminate waste. Ultimately, Agile methodology helps teams adapt quickly to changing requirements and collaborates with customers to deliver high-quality products and services, leading to increased customer satisfaction.

Agile Methodology- What is it about?

Agile methodology is a project management approach that emphasises continuous iteration and adaptability. It is a response to traditional project management methods, which involve designing everything upfront and following a strict plan. Agile methodology is best suited to projects where there is a high level of uncertainty and requirements frequently change.

The main principles of Agile methodology include collaboration between team members, regular communication, flexibility, and obtaining feedback at every stage. The Agile approach involves breaking down the project into smaller pieces, called sprints, and the team works to complete these sprints within a fixed timeline. This approach enables the team to deliver a working product and continuously improve it based on feedback. Agile has gained popularity in the IT industry, and teams around the world use it to ensure efficient project delivery.

Different Types of Agile Methodology

Agile methodology has become increasingly popular in recent years, and there are many different types of agile methodologies to choose from. Each methodology has its own set of best practices and principles. Majorly, there are four types of agile methodology: Scrum, Kanban, Extreme Programming (XP), and Lean. Let us look at the different Agile methodologies in detail.

1. Scrum

Scrum is one of the most popular types of agile methodology used by software development teams. Scrum is known for its focus on collaboration, iterative development, and most importantly, the delivery of a highly valuable product. Scrum relies on a product backlog, which is a prioritised list of tasks that the development team must complete in each iteration.

A sprint is a time-boxed period where the development team works on the tasks taken from the product backlog. At the end of each sprint, the team should deliver a potentially shippable product increment. Scrum also includes daily stand-up meetings, sprint retrospectives, and sprint planning meetings.

2. Kanban

Kanban is another popular agile methodology that focuses on flow and continuous delivery. Kanban is based on the just-in-time manufacturing philosophy, which aims to reduce waste and improve efficiency. Kanban relies on a visual dashboard that shows all tasks that need to be done, tasks in progress, and tasks that have been completed. The goal of Kanban is to reduce the amount of work in progress and focus on finishing the tasks.

3. Extreme Programming (XP)

Extreme Programming is an agile methodology that focuses on software development practices. XP is known for its emphasis on engineering practices such as continuous integration, test-driven development, and pair programming. XP teams work in short iterations and use feedback from the customer to improve the software product. XP also emphasises the importance of simplicity, communication, and feedback.

4. Lean Agile

Lean Agile is an agile methodology that focuses on reducing waste and delivering value. Lean Agile is based on the Toyota Production System and the idea that the customer defines value. It focuses on continuous improvement, teamwork, and the elimination of waste.

Lean teams work in short iterations and use feedback from the customer to improve the product. Lean also emphasises the importance of visualisation, small batch sizes, and limiting work in progress.

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Comparison Between Types of Agile Methodologies

Several different types of agile methodologies are used in project management. Here are the differences between some of the most popular types:

Agile MethodologyDescriptionKey Features
ScrumBased on teamwork, transparency and a focus on the delivery of a product increment every sprint
    • Daily stand-up meetings
    • Sprint planning and review meetings
    • Product backlog management
    • Sprint backlog creation
    • Burndown charts
KanbanBased on a continuous flow of work, visualising the workflow and limiting work in progress.
    • Visualising the workflow
    • Limiting work in progress
    • Continuously delivering small work items
    • Monitoring and managing flow
Lean AgileBased on minimising waste, maximising value, and optimising the whole system.
    • Focus on delivering value to the customer
    • Identifying and eliminating waste
    • Continuous improvement of the system
    • Cross-functional teams
Extreme Programming (XP)Based on frequent releases, constant customer involvement, and emphasis on testing.
    • Pair programming
    • Continuous integration
    • Test-driven development
    • Frequent releases


It's important to note that these methodologies are not mutually exclusive, and some teams may opt to combine different aspects from multiple methodologies to best suit their needs. Ultimately, the goal of any agile methodology is to deliver high-quality products in a timely and efficient manner while staying adaptable to changes in the project.

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How To Choose The Agile Methodology That is Right For Your Team?

There are different Agile methodologies available, but choosing the right one that suits your team can be a daunting task. The first step is to understand the unique needs of your team and project. Once you have identified the needs, research the different types of Agile methodologies that are available and determine which one aligns best with your needs.

Here are a few factors to consider when choosing the Agile methodology for your team:

  • Project Complexity: If your project is complex with multiple teams and dependencies, then you may consider using the Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe).
  • Team Size: If your team is small and flexible, then Kanban or Scrum may be the right choice.
  • Time Constraints: If your project requires quick delivery, then the Lean Agile methodology may work best.
  • Customer Involvement: If customer involvement is critical to the success of your project, then the Extreme Programming (XP) methodology may be the right choice.

Remember, the Agile methodology you choose should be flexible enough to adapt to changing needs and should constantly evolve to ensure that it remains effective.

Scrum is ideal for teams that prioritise collaboration and have a clear vision for the product. Kanban is suited for teams with constantly changing priorities and a focus on continuous delivery. Lean methodology is great for startups that want to minimise waste and maximise value. XP is perfect for teams that prioritise software quality and customer satisfaction, while APF is ideal for projects with high levels of uncertainty and frequent change. Thus, these Agile methodologies are suited for different purposes.


There are many different types of agile methodologies, and each has its own set of principles and practices. Scrum, Kanban, Extreme Programming, and Lean are just a few of the most popular types of agile methodologies. It's important to understand the differences between these methodologies and choose the one that best fits your team's needs. I would recommend using the SAFe Training course to become a certified SAFe Agilist in India. With SAFe, you can learn how to implement Agile in your organisation, align teams towards a common goal, and improve business outcomes through the continuous delivery of high-quality products and services. With the right methodology and approach, your team can achieve success with agile development.


1. What is Agile methodology?

Agile methodology is a highly effective project management approach that emphasises the importance of flexibility and rapid iteration. It centres around the Agile Manifesto's core values of valuing individuals and interactions over processes and tools, delivering working software frequently, continuously involving customers in the development process to optimise outcomes, and responding to changes in requirements as they arise.

2. What are the types of Agile methodologies?

There are several types of Agile methodologies, including Scrum, Kanban, Lean, Extreme Programming (XP), and Adaptive Project Framework (APF). Each methodology has its unique approach to Agile project management, but they all share the same core principles.

3. What is Scrum methodology?

Scrum is a popular type of Agile methodology that involves self-organising teams that work in short cycles, called sprints. The team works together to complete specific tasks during each sprint, and the product owner prioritises what needs to be done. The Scrum Master is responsible for keeping the team on track and removing any obstacles they encounter.

4. How do you choose an Agile methodology?

Choosing an Agile methodology depends on the project's goals, team size, and complexity. It's best to research the different types of Agile methodologies and determine which one aligns with your goals and your team's strengths.

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