When things are expected to happen concurrently we need to use tools and automate the process. But, automation is not a cakewalk when we not sure about what tools to choose and how to choose. Once we identify the right tools, then we can keep the ball rolling.
With better collaboration and communication, DevOps helps to achieve better coordination with the development and operations team. The delivery of services and applications can be rapidly increased with DevOps, also enterprises can compete strongly in the market and serve their customer in the best possible way.
What is DevOps?
DevOps means development and operations combined for faster integration and delivery. DevOps consists of build, test, deploy and release of the codes to the customer environment. The CI/CD which means continuous integration and continuous deployment of the code is part of the DevOps pipelines. DevOps aims to achieve synergy between the development and operations team to deploy code in the production environment rapidly with automation and repeatable ways.
What are the Best DevOps tools?
1. Build tools
These tools help in the automation of compilation, packaging, and creation of executable codes from the source codes. Ant, MS Build, Maven and Gradle are the few tools that are used by a larger population.
Ant is an XML-based build tool mainly used for Java-based applications. Maven is a similar tool as Ant for Java, Scala, C# and Ruby.
2. Artifact Managing tools
Artifact Managing tools store, version and deploy the binary packages that are created throughout the development and release of the codes. They help to achieve to save time and increases build performance. Some of the popular tools are NEXUS, NPM, and JFRog Artifactory.
Nexus is an artifact manager which achieves to a proxy, collect and manage the dependencies so that we need not engage in frequent managing of JAR’s
3. Configuration Management tools
These tools help in tracking and controlling changes to the software and Ansible, Chef, Puppet, etc are some frequently used tools.
Ansible is an open source configuration management tool. It is also used for software provisioning and as a software deployment tool.
Puppet is another popular CM tool and is an open source tool to configure, manage, deploy and orchestrate various applications and services.
4. Continuous integration tools
Continuous integration tools are used for integrating code into a shared repository frequently and can achieve automated tests and build. Jenkins, Bamboo, Teamcity, and CircleCI, etc can be remembered for CI tools.
Jenkins is a free and open source server used to automate rapid build, tests, deploy and release as a part of continuous integration and continuous deployment.
Bamboo is a server used for continuous integration and deployment that is similar to Jenkins.
5. Database Management Tools
Database management tools are used to manage, query, create and modify the relational database systems. MySQL, Liquidbase, and MongoDB are the DB management tools that even a beginner can understand quickly.
MySQL is a popular tool for DevOps in terms of relational database management systems.
MongoDB is another popular tool that is a cross-platform document-oriented database system.
6. Deployment tools
Rapid deployment tools are used in DevOps for continuous deployment of the codes, in delivery pipelines from build to release. Few deployment tools to start with include Juju, Octopus Deploy, and XLDeploy, etc.
Juju is an open source rapid deployment tool from Ubuntu that helps to scale, deploy, and manage the applications and services on the cloud.
Octopus Deploy is the server used for deployment and release for the ASP.Net applications, databases and windows services.
7. Monitoring Tools
These tools help to monitor the DevOps applications, servers, systems, infrastructure, business processes, and services. Nagios, Google Analytics, Prometheus and Logstash do this job flawlessly.
Logstash is a log management and monitoring tool that helps to collect, store, and parse logs for the analysis.
Google Analytics tool helps to track and report data and user information coming on your websites.
8. Orchestration tools
These DevOps tools help in quick time to market by minimizing production issues by automating many tasks that run at the same time. Recent and popular tools are Kubernetes, Docker, and Nomad, etc.
Kubernetes is the orchestration tool released by Google for container management for managing complex and large distributed systems.
Docker is another container management tool to manage containers that have their software, libraries and configuration files. These containers can communicate with other containers with well-defined channels.
9. Testing tools
These tools help in continuous testing functionality in DevOps with features such as an end to end testing and environment management. These automation testing tools are familiar among the testers namely SonarQube, Katalon, Pytest, and Selenium.
Selenium is an open source and free testing tool to test web applications in various browsers and platforms.
SonarCube is a testing tool used for Maven-based Java projects. It consists of code quality checkpoints such as Complexities, Architecture & Design, Unit test, Bug fixing, coding rules, and duplications.
Cloud consists of Infrastructure as Service, Platform as a service and Software as service offerings. The cloud examples are AWS, Azure and Google Clouds. All these clouds support the DevOps culture.
How to choose the right DevOps tools?
There is no magic formula for choosing the DevOps tools. However, the DevOps tools studied so far in this article touches one or many phases of DevOps. One must do thorough planning and study for selecting the tools for each phase of the DevOps. The above-given lists are just a drop in the ocean and we have listed some of the popular DevOps tools in this article to make you familiar with their names and functionality.
To select the tools
- You need to understand the concept of development and operations in the CI/CD pipelines and to automate the tasks of build, test, deploy and release in the software development Life cycle.
- The areas you must concentrate on are planning, build, Continuous Integration, deploy, release, operate and continuous feedback.
Which DevOps tools are right for your team?
To select the right tools for your team you must understand your team and consider the options below carefully.
- Increases Collaboration- Inter team and cross-functional team collaboration
- Facilitate Teamwork- Team Management and motivation
- Has many API’s- Has many libraries of Application Programmable Interface.
- That store configuration in version control- Configuration Management
- Permits and provides a learning environment- Not error-prone and easier navigation
- Enhances team communication- Team friendly tool and not individual-oriented
- Avoid production-only specific tools- Touches many phases of DevOps
Final thoughts – Top DevOps tools for beginners
To sum up, there are umpteen numbers of DevOps tools available in the market. We have captured in this article some of the useful and popular tools for various DevOps categories. You need to carefully analyze the tools and keep the above attributes in your mind to select the best tool suited to your DevOps environment and culture.
This article facilitates and gives a broader vision of the DevOps tools for beginners. Experience has no alternative and there are no short cuts to learning. So rely on team member's discussions, customer preferences, leadership ideas and understanding of the stakeholders on the projects that you take up.
Your rescuer at the moment will be undergoing a DevOps Online training to keep your legs firmly in this field.